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1(2 ). .

1.

2( 2 ). .

2.

3( 2 ). to be, to have Present Simple

3.

4( 2 ). Present Simple

1. 4.

5( 2 ). Present Continuous

5.

6( 2 ). Modal Verbs.

6.

7( 4 ). Past Simple

7.

7( 4 ). Past Simple

7.



8 ( 6 ). Infinitive

8.

9 ( 4 ). Future Simple

9.

10 ( 6 ). Present Perfect

10.

11 ( 3 ). - .

1(2 ). .

1. Choose the correct variant.

I. Smiths have a dog and a cat.a) b) The c) A2. He knows how to work on computer.a) a b) an c) 3. She was the first woman to swim across English Channel.a) a b) c) the4. Go down Kingston Street and turn left into Oxford Street.a) the b) a c) 5. I dont like milk in tea.a) b) the ) 6. At the end of busy day, sleep is the best way to restore your energy.a) the b) a c) 7. Well go for a walk if weather is fine.a) a b) c) the8. Could you give me information I asked for in my letter?a) the b) c) a9. war is a terrible thing.a) The b) ) 10. I spent very interesting holiday in England.a) the b) a c)

2. Fill in the correct article.

1. Is this your... friend? No, it isnt my... friend, it is my sister.2. I have... sister. My... sister is... teacher. My sisters... husband is... pilot.3. I have no... car.4. She has got... terrible headache.5. They have... dog and two... cats.6. My... cousin says he is going to be... manager one... day.7. Would you like... apple?8. This is... tree.... tree is green.9. I can see three... children.... children are playing in yard.10. I have... car.... car is white. My... friend has no... car.

2( 2 ). .

1. Choose an adjective or an adverb to make sentences grammatically correct.





Examples: It is clear. I see it clearly.1. It is (correct, correctly).2. Spell the word (correct, correctly).3. You know it (good, well).4. Of course it is (good, well).5. It is (cold, coldly) in the room.6. Dont look so (cold, coldly) at me.7. It is (easy, easily).8. I can do it (easy, easily).9. It is (warm, warmly) today.10. He always greets us (warm, warmly).

2. Give the Comparative and Superlative Degrees.

Sad, grey, bad, old, happy, free, far, dry, big, near, shy, unusual, able, mountainous, little, polite, famous, well-known, heavy.

3. Put adjectives into correct forms.

1. John is (young) of the 3 brothers.2. The Sun is (bright) the Moon.3. Is the diameter of Jupiter (big) than that of the Earth?4. That room is (light) than yours.5. This room is (large) than the one upstairs.6. It doesnt take (much) than four days to cross the Atlantic, does it?

4. Choose the correct form of an adjective.

1. Jane is the (taller tallest) of the 2 girls.2. Father was the (eldest elder) of seven sons.3. Albert is (elder older) than John.4. I think your plan is the (best better) of the two.5. This is the (most large-largest) power station, Ive ever seen.6. Henry is the (oldest eldest) of the 3 brothers. 3( 2 ). to be, to havePresent Simple.

to be, to havePresent Indefinite

to be .1. are2. is3. am

1. My watch... ten minutes fast.

2. These data... not accurate.

3. No news... good news.

4. How many pieces of furniture... there in your room?

5. Mice... also domestic animals.

6. Paper... very expensive today.

to be to have .1. am2. is3. are4. have5. has

1. The cat... in the box.

2. Do you a cousin?

3. I... a student.

4. Mr. Brown... a daughter.

5. Those cars... red.

6. She... a large family.

7. Nick... my good friend.

8.... she from England?

to have .1. have2. has

1. He... a large family.

2. He... two pets at home.

3. They... a very nice flat in Pskov.

4. Peter... many friends here.

5. You... many books at home.

6. Does she any brothers?

7. My mother... three children.

8. I... two cousins.

9. She... two brothers and a sister.

4( 2 ). Present Simple

4. HYPERLINK "http://study-english.info/presentsimple.php" Present Simple. , (, ).

They _____ football at the institute. (to play) 2) She _____ emails. (not / to write) 3) ____ you____ English? (to speak) 4) My mother ____ fish. (not / to like) 5) ____ Ann ____ any friends? (to have) 6) His brother _____ in an office. (to work) 7) She ___ very fast. (cannot / to read) 8) ____ they ____ the flowers every 3 days? (to water) 9) His wife _____ a motorbike. (not / to ride) 10) ____ Elizabeth_____ coffee? (to drink)

6. :

. (to be busy) 2. .3. ? 4. ? (to be at home) 5. .6. . 7. ? 8. . 9. ? 10. . 11. ? (to read English books) 12. . (never / to read)13. ? (to have a flat) 14. . 15. ? 1. , Present Simple Present Continuous.

1. He (to work) in the city centre.2. I (to write) an essay now.3. You (to go) to school on Sundays?4. We (not to dance) every day.5. They (to play) in the hall now?6. Where he (to live)? He (to live) in a village.7. He (to sleep) now?8. They (to read) many books.9. The children (to eat) cakes now.10. He (to help) his mother every day.11. You (to play) the piano well?12. Look! Michael (to dance) now.

5( 2 ). Present Continuous, some,any,no.

2. , Present Simple Present Continuous.

1. Her father (not to watch) TV at the moment. He (to sleep) because he (to be) tired.2. Where your uncle (to work)? He (to work) at school.3. Your friend (to do) his homework now?4. When you usually (to come) home from school? I (to come) at four oclock.5. My sister (not to play) the piano now. She (to play) the piano in the evening.6. You (to read) a magazine and (to think) about your holiday at the moment?7. I (to sit) in the waiting room at the dentists now.8. When you (to listen) to the news on the radio?9. You (to play) chess now?10. My father (not to work) at the shop.11. Look at the sky: the clouds (to move) slowly, the sun (to appear) from behind the clouds, it (to get) warmer.12. I (not to drink) coffee in the evening. I (to drink) coffee in the morning.13. What your friend (to do) now? She (to wash) the dishes.14. Your grandfather (to work) at this factory?2. Put some, any or no.

1. He does his homework without difficulty.2. This yeas all the apples are red, we are going out this morning to pick 3. Id like water, please.4. There werent tomatoes left.5. I wont go with you. I have free time.6. There arent students at the moment.7. Sorry, I have matches.8. Do you have money?9. The box was empty. There was apples in it.10. Pour me milk, please.

3. Translate the sentences into English.

1. .2. .3. .4. .5. 3 , .6. , .7. ! ?8. . .9. .10. -?

6( 2 ). 1. Complete the following sentences using the most appropriate forms of the verbs.

1. Jack has got a headache. He sleep well recently. a) cant b) couldnt have c) hasnt been able to 2. I sleep for hours when I was a little girls. a) could b) am able to c) can 3. Tom play tennis well but he play a game yesterday because he was ill. a) couldnt, could b) can, was able c) can, couldnt4. I didnt want to be late for the meeting. We meet at 5 sharp. a) were to b) had to c) could 5. Where are my gloves? I put them on because its cold today. a) cant b) have toc) neednt 6. You take an umbrella today. The Sun is shining. a) needntb) mustnt c) cant 7. Im sorry, you didnt invite me to your birthday party. You invite me next time. a) mustb) should c) need to 8. Well, its 10 oclock. I go now. a) can b) has to c) must 9. You smoke so much. a) wouldb) cant c) shouldnt 10. We have got plenty of time. We hurry. a) must b) neednt c) should

2. Translate the sentences into English.

1. . 2. . . 3. . 4. . 5. , . 6. ? 7. . 8. , . . 9. . 10. , . 11. . 12. , . 13. . 14. 50 .

3. There is a mistake in each sentence. Correct the mistakes.

1. Actors may learn a lot of dialogues by heart. 2. Your glass is empty. Must I refill it? 3. Would I introduce Mr. Brown to you? 4. My sister can to play a few musical instruments. 5. Some years ago I didnt can speak English.

7( 4 ). Past Simple

1. , Past Simple.

1. I (to do) morning exercises. 2. He (to work) at a factory. 3. She (to sleep) after dinner. 4. We (to work) part-time. 5. They (to drink) tea every day. 6. Mike (to be) a student. 7. Helen (to have) a car. 8. You (to be) a good friend. 9. You (to be) good friends. 10. It (to be) difficult to remember everything.

2. , HYPERLINK "http://study-english.info/pastsimple.php"Past Simple.

1. Alice (to have) a sister. 2. Her sisters name (to be) Ann. 3. Ann (to be) a student. 4. She (to get) up at seven o'clock.5. She (to go) to the institute in the morning.6. Jane (to be) fond of sports.7. She (to do) her morning exercises every day.8. For breakfast she (to have) two eggs, a sandwich and a cup of tea.9. After breakfast she (to go) to the institute.10. Sometimes she (to take) a bus. 11. It (to take) her an hour and a half to do her homework.12. She (to speak) English well. 13. Her friends usually (to call) her at about 8 oclock. 14. Ann (to take) a shower before going to bed. 15. She (to go) to bed at 11 p. m.

3. , HYPERLINK "http://study-english.info/pastsimple.php" Past Simple.

1. My working day (to begin) at six o'clock.2. I (to get) up, (to switch) on the TV and (to brush) my teeth.3. It (to take) me about twenty minutes. 4. I (to have) breakfast at seven oclock.5. I (to leave) home at half past seven. 6. I (to take) a bus to the institute.7. It usually (to take) me about fifteen minutes to get there. 8. Classes (to begin) at eight.9. We usually (to have) four classes a day. 10. I (to have) lunch at about 2 oclock.

4. HYPERLINK "http://study-english.info/pastsimple.php" Past Simple. , (, ).

1) They _____ football at the institute. (to play) 2) She _____ emails. (not / to write) 3) ____ you____ English? (to speak) 4) My mother ____ fish. (not / to like) 5) ____ Ann ____ any friends? (to have) 6) His brother _____ in an office. (to work) 7) She ___ very fast. (cannot / to read) 8) ____ they ____ the flowers every 3 days? (to water) 9) His wife _____ a motorbike. (not / to ride) 10) ____ Elizabeth_____ coffee? (to drink)

5. HYPERLINK "http://study-english.info/auxiliary.php" to be Past Simple.

1. I... a student.2. My father... not a shop-assistant, he... a scientist.3.... your aunt a nurse? - Yes, she....4.... they at home? - No, they... not. They... at school. 5.... you an engineer? - Yes, I....6.... your friend a photographer? No, she... not a photographer, she... a student.7.... your brothers at school? - Yes, they....8.... this her watch? - Yes, it....9. Max... an office-worker.10. We... late, sorry!

6. :

1. . (to be busy)2. .3. ?4. ? (to be at home)5. .6. .7. ?8. .9. ?10. .11. ? (to read English books)12. . (never / to read)13. ? (to have a flat)14. .15. ?

8 ( 6 ). Infinitive

1. Translate into Russian.

1. The buyers want to know our terms of payment. 2. This is for you to decide. 3. The plan of our work will be discussed at the meeting to be held on May 25.4. To walk in the garden was a pleasure. 5. Jane remembered to have been told a lot about Mr. Smith. 6. I felt him put his hand on my shoulder. 7. This writer is said to have written a new novel. 8. She seems to be having a good time at the seaside. 9. They watched the boy cross the street. 10. To advertise in magazines is very expensive. 11. He proved to be one of the cleverest students at our Institute. 12. He knew himself to be strong enough to take part in the expedition. 13. To see is to believe. 14. He is sure to enjoy himself at the disco. 15. To tell you the truth, this company has a very stable position in the market.

2. Put to before the infinitive where it is necessary.

1. My son asked me let him go to the club. 2. You must make him practice an hour a day. 3. She was made repeat the song. 4. He is not sure that it can be done, but he is willing try. 5. Let me help you with your work. 6. She asked me read the letter carefully and write an answer. 7. You ought take care of your health. 8. I looked for the book everywhere but could not find it. 9. He was seen leave the house. 10. We had put on our overcoats because it was cold. 11. The man told me not walk on the grass. 12. Have you heard him play the piano?13. You had better go there at once. 14. I would rather not tell them about it. 15. We shall take a taxi so as not miss the train.

3. Use the appropriate form of the infinitive.

1. They want (to take) to the concert by their father. 2. I am glad (to do) all the homework yesterday. 3. This plant is known (to produce) tractors. 4. He wants his son (to become) a lawyer. 5. The enemy army was reported (to overthrow) the defense lines and (to advance) towards the suburbs of the city. 6. He seems (to know) French very well: he is said (to spend) his youth in Paris. 7. You had better (to call) our distributors at once. 8. We are happy (to invite) to the party. 9. That firm is reported (to conduct) negotiations for the purchase of sugar. 10. It seemed (to snow) heavily since early morning: the ground was covered with a deep layer of snow. 11. He didnt hear me (to knock) at the door. 12. I want (to inform) of her arrival. 13. Our sportsmen are proud (to win) the cup. 14. He is known (to work) on the problem for many years. 15. The representative of the firm asked for the documents (to send) by air mail.

4. Put to where necessary.

1. I think you ought apologize.2. Make him speak louder.3. Help me carry this bag.4. My son asked me let him go to the theatre.5. I must go to the country.6. It cannot be done to-day.7. She asked me read the letter carefully and write an answer.8. The man told me not walk on the grass.9. Let me help you with your work.10. She ought take care of her health.11. We had better stop to rest a little.12. I dont know what do.13. He was seen leave the house.14. We have come ask whether there is anything we can do.15. We heard the siren sound and saw the ship move.16. I cannot go there now, I have some work do.17. During the crossing the passengers felt the ship toss.18. You must make him practice an hour a day.19. He is not sure that it can be done, but he is willing try.20. I looked for the book everywhere but could not find it.21. He said that she might come in the evening.22. She was made repeat the song.23. Would you rather learn shorthand than typewriting?

5. Translate into Russian.

1. I called every morning to see if there was any news.2. We stopped to have a smoke.3. He came here to speak to me, not to you.4. The car was waiting at the door to take them to the station.5. To explain the problem he drew diagrams all over the blackboard.6. The steamship Minsk was chartered to carry a cargo of timber from St.Petersburg to Hull.7. Under clause 35 the charterers were to supply the steamer with icebreaker assistance to enable her to enter or to leave the port of loading.8. To meet the increased demand for industrial goods, a great number of new shops have been opened in the towns.9. The first lot is ready for shipment, but to economize on freight we have decided to ship it together with the second lot.10. Please send us your instructions at once to enable us to ship the machines by the 20th of May.

6. Translate into English using the Objective Infinitive Construction (Coplex Object) where possible.

1. , .2. , .3. , .4. , .- .5. , .6. , .7. , ?8. , .9. , .10. , .11. , .12. , .13. , .14. , . 9 ( 4 ). Future Simple

1. , Future Simple.

1. I (to do) morning exercises. 2. He (to work) at a factory. 3. She (to sleep) after dinner. 4. We (to work) part-time. 5. They (to drink) tea every day. 6. Mike (to be) a student. 7. Helen (to have) a car. 8. You (to be) a good friend. 9. You (to be) good friends. 10. It (to be) difficult to remember everything.

2. , Future Simple.

1. Alice (to have) a sister. 2. Her sisters name (to be) Ann. 3. Ann (to be) a student. 4. She (to get) up at seven o'clock.5. She (to go) to the institute in the morning.6. Jane (to be) fond of sports.7. She (to do) her morning exercises every day.8. For breakfast she (to have) two eggs, a sandwich and a cup of tea.9. After breakfast she (to go) to the institute.10. Sometimes she (to take) a bus. 11. It (to take) her an hour and a half to do her homework.12. She (to speak) English well. 13. Her friends usually (to call) her at about 8 oclock. 14. Ann (to take) a shower before going to bed. 15. She (to go) to bed at 11 p. m.

3. , HYPERLINK "http://study-english.info/futuresimple.php" Future Simple.

1. My working day (to begin) at six o'clock.2. I (to get) up, (to switch) on the TV and (to brush) my teeth.3. It (to take) me about twenty minutes. 4. I (to have) breakfast at seven oclock.5. I (to leave) home at half past seven. 6. I (to take) a bus to the institute.7. It usually (to take) me about fifteen minutes to get there. 8. Classes (to begin) at eight.9. We usually (to have) four classes a day. 10. I (to have) lunch at about 2 oclock.

4. HYPERLINK "http://study-english.info/futuresimple.php" Future Simple. , (, ).

1) They _____ football at the institute. (to play) 2) She _____ emails. (not / to write) 3) ____ you____ English? (to speak) 4) My mother ____ fish. (not / to like) 5) ____ Ann ____ any friends? (to have) 6) His brother _____ in an office. (to work) 7) She ___ very fast. (cannot / to read) 8) ____ they ____ the flowers every 3 days? (to water) 9) His wife _____ a motorbike. (not / to ride) 10) ____ Elizabeth_____ coffee? (to drink)

5. :

. (to be busy)2. .3. ?4. ? (to be at home)5. .6. .7. ?8. .9. ?10. .11. ? (to read English books)12. . (never / to read)13. ? (to have a flat)14. .15. ?

10 ( 6 ). Present Perfect

. , . . PresentPerfect.

Dear friend,

Lots of things have happened since I wrote to you last.

1.I / buy / a new car I have bought a new car.

2.My father / start / a new job. _______________.

3.I/giveup/smoking._______________.

4.Charles and Sarah / go / to Brazil. _______________.

5.Suzanne / have / a baby. _______________.

2. PresentPerfect.

1.She / do / many different jobs. She has done many different jobs.

2.He / travel / to many places. She _______________.

3. We / do / a lot of interesting things. _______________.

4. I / write / ten books. _______________.

5. They / meet / a lot of interesting people. _______________.

6. You / be / married five times._______________.

3. have/has+ .

Break, buy,finish, do, go, go, lose, paint, read, take

"Are they still having dinner? "No, theyhave finished.

I _____________ some new shoes. Do you want to see them?

"Is Tom here? "No, he _____________ to work.

"__________ you __________ the shopping "No, Im going to do it later.

"Wheres your key? "I dont know. I _____________ it.

Look! Somebody _____________ that window.

Your house looks different. __________ you __________ it?

I cant find my umbrella. Somebody _____________ it.

Im looking for Sarah. Where __________ she __________?

"Do you want the newspaper? "No, thanks. I _____________ it.

4. . , Haveyouever?

(to be / to Paris?)Have you ever been to Paris?

(play / golf?)Have you ever played golf?

(to be / to Australia?) _______________?

(lose / your passport?)_______________?

(sleep / in the park?) _______________?

(eat / Chinese food?) _______________?

(to be / to New York?) _______________?

(win / a lot of money?) _______________?

(break / your leg?) _______________?

(run / a marathon?) _______________?

(speak / to famous people?) _______________?

(live / in another town) _______________?

5. .

1.Jill is in London. Shehas beenin London since Monday.

2.I know George. Ihave knownhim for a long time.

3.They are married. They _______________ married since 1983.

4.Brian is ill. He _______________ ill for a week.

5.We live in this house. We _______________ here for ten years.

6.I know Tom very well. I _______________ him for a long time already.

7.We are waiting for you. We _______________ waiting since 11 oclock.

8.Alice works in a bank. She _______________ in a bank for 5 years.

9.Im learning English. I _______________ learning English for six months.

10.She has a headache. She _______________ a headache since she got up.

6. .

1."Would you like something to eat? "No, thanks. Ihave just hadlunch. (just/have)

2."Do you know where Julia is? "Yes, I _____________ her. (just/see)

3."What time is David leaving? "He _____________. (already/left)

4."Whats in the newspaper today "I dont know. I _____________. (not/read/yet)

5."Is Ann coming to the cinema with us tonight? "No, she _____________ the film (already/see)

6."Are your friends here yet? "Yes, they _____________. (just/arrive)

7."What does Tim think about your plan? "I _____________. (not/tell/yet)

7. .

1. John tells you, that his mother is in hospital. You ask him:

(How long / be / in hospital?)How long has your mother been in hospital?

2. You meet a woman who tells you that she teaches English.You ask her:

(How long / teach English?) _________________________?

3. You know that Jane is a good Carols friend.You ask Jane:

(How long / know / Carol?) _________________________?

4. Your friends brother went to Australia some time ago and hes still there.You ask your friend: (How long / be / in Australia?) ____________________________?

5. Tim always wears the same jacket. Its a very old jacket. You ask him:

(How long / have / that jacket?) ____________________________?6. You are talking to a friend about Alan. Alan now works at the airport. You ask your friend:

(How long / work / at the airport?) _______________________________?

7. Afriend of yours is having driving lessons. You ask him:

(How long / have / driving lessons?) ______________________________?

8. You meet somebody on a train. She tells you that she lives in Glasgow. You ask her:

(always / live / in Glasgow?) ____________________________________?

11. - .

1. .

Washington, DC

Washington, DC is the capital of the United States of America. It is

situated in the mouth of the Potomac River, in the District of Columbia

(DC), not belonging to any state. The city is unique in its own

way it was specially designed as the capital of the USA. The architect,

who drew up the plan of the city, Pierre 1Enfant, wanted it to be

very convenient. The place for the capital was chosen by the first president,

George Washington, and in 1800 the Government moved there.

There are a lot of Governmental offices, but probably the best known,

as well as the most important for the countrys life are the White House

and the Capitol. The White House is the official residence of the President

of the United States. It was built in 1799. It is a three-storeyedhouse where the President and his family live. At the same time it is the

place where official receptions are held and the administration gathers

for the meetings. The Capitol is the seat of the Congress. The comer

stone of the Congress was laid by George Washington in 1790.

The Congress has two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate.

The city of Washington, DC is rather large and very beautiful, being

at the same time different from all the other cities in the USA, because

there are no skyscrapers. According to the law, no house in Washington,

DC must be higher than the Capitol.

Washington, DC has the population of about 900,000 people. Being

the administrative centre of the country, it doesnt have any industry.

They say, nothing is produced in Washington, DC except wastepaper.

Thousands of documents are drafted, approved or denied in the city

every day. People living there either belong to the administration, or

are employed in the service industry. Besides, thousands of tourists

come to see the capital of the country.

There is a lot to be seen: Thomas

Jefferson Memorial, the Library of Congress, the Washington Monument

and much more. The Washington Monument is the most remarkable

of these: it is a column rising 160 metres, and from the top of it the

visitors can enjoy the view over the city. Among the attractions of the

capital it is necessary to mention the museums: the National Gallery of

Art, the National Museum of History and Technology, and others.

.

Answer the following questions:

1. Where is Washington, DC situated?

2. Why is the city unique?

3. When did the government move to Washington, DC?

4. Where is the official residence of the President of the USA situated?

5. What is the Capitol?

6. How many chambers are there in the Congress?

7. Why arent there any skyscrapers in Washington, DC?

8. What is the population of the city?

9. Is there any industry in Washington, DC?

10. What are the main attractions of the city?

3. .

Translate into English.

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